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Aluminium Zinc Foundry Alloy ZL8

This alloy conforms to EN 1774 1997

Chemical Composition

  %   %   %
 Aluminium  8.2-8.8  Copper  0.9-1.3  Magnesium  0.02-0.03
 Zinc  Remainder        
 Iron  0.035 max  Lead  0.005 max  Cadmium  0.005 max
 Tin  0.002 max  Nickel 0.001 max  Silicon 0.035 max


Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Zinc ZL8


Pressure Diecast

Tensile Strength (N/mm2)


Elongation (%)

6 - 10

Brinell Hardness


Impact Strength at 20°c (ft. lbf)


Strength at elevated temperatures

Due to its low melting temperature this alloy is not recommended for components whose service exceeds 100°C. In addition reference should be made to ZL8 mechanical properties at elevated temperatures and the alloy's creep properties for continually stressed components.

Physical Properties of Aluminium Zinc ZL8



Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (per °C @ 20-100°C)


Thermal conductivity

114.7 W/m°c

Electrical conductivity (% copper standard @ 20°C)


Density (g/cm3)


Freezing range (°C) approx.



This aluminium zinc alloy has excellent machining characteristics, which means fast, efficient machining and long tool life. Therefore, unlike its competing materials, it is an ideal alloy for a zinc diecasting requiring substantial or difficult machining.

Corrosion Resistance

A diecasting in this alloy possess good corrosion resistance but weathering will turn the surface grey in colour, therefore, for decorative purposes it should be lacquered, plated or painted, and for more corrosive environments chromating or zinc anodising should be considered.


A process for anodising zinc and zinc alloy diecasting has been developed and is reported to give excellent resistance to salt water and good resistance to abrasion. The finish is available only in matt light green, grey and brownish tints. The treatment is covered by U.S. Government specification MIL-A-81801.

Application and General Notes

With a short freezing range and excellent fluidity during diecasting, this alloy is ideal for thin wall components. These cover a whole range of applications from functional components, (because of its good tensile strength, hardness and pressure tightness), to decorative thin wall components (because of its ease of electro-plating and painting). THe mechanical properties shown above are for pressure diecast components but this alloy can also be gravity diecast.

Notes for Designers of Non-Ferrous Castings


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