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LM24

Aluminium Die Casting Alloy LM24

This alloy conforms to BS 1490:1988 LM24.

Chemical Composition

  %   %   %
 Copper  3.0-4.0  Magnesium  0.3 max  Silicon  7.5-9.5 max
 Iron  1.3 max  Manganese  0.5 max  Nickel  0.5 max
 Zinc  3.0 max  Lead  0.3 max  Tin  0.2 max
 Titanium  0.2 max  Aluminium  Remainder  Others: each  0.50 max

 

Mechanical Properties of aluminium die casting alloy LM24

 

Gravity Die Cast

High Pressure Diecasting

0.2% Proof Stress (N/mm2)

100-120

150

Tensile Strength (N/mm2)

180

320

Elongation (%)

1.5

1-3

Impact resistance Izod (Nm)

-

3.4

Brinell Hardness

85

85

Modulus of Elasticity (x103 N/mm2)

71

71

Shear Strength (N/mm2)

-

185

 

Strength at elevated temperatures

Room temperature tensile strength is largely retained up to temperatures in the order of 150°C, and approximately halved at 250°C. It should be noted that other factors may restrict the use of diecasting at elevated temperatures.

Physical Properties of aluminium die casting alloy LM24

 

 

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (per °C @ 20-100°C)

0.000021

Thermal conductivity (cal/cm2/cm/°C @ 25°C)

0.23

Electrical conductivity (% copper standard @ 20°C)

24

Density (g/cm3)

2.79

Freezing range (°C) approx.

580-520

Machinability


Machining practice is similar to that for other Aluminium castings alloys containing Silicon. Whilst there is not the tendency to drag associated with high silicon alloys such as LM6, tool wear is more rapid than in the case of alloys containing relatively small amounts of Silicon. The use of carbide-tipped tools is recommended but a good finish can be obtained with high speed tools. Lower alloy steel tools may be used, provided they are frequently reground to maintain a sharp cutting edge. A cutting lubricant and coolant should be employed.

Corrosion resistance

Resistance to attack under normal atmospheric conditions is similar to that of alloy LM4, i.e. fairly good. In marine atmospheres, or under other severe conditions, castings should be protected by painting.

Anodising

Anodising treatment by either the chromic or sulphuric acid process produces an anodic film grey in colour. The surface of a pressure diecasting in this alloy would not generally be suitable for decorative anodising. Anodising would be necessary if this alloy is for use in a corrosive environment.

Applications and General Notes

LM24 is essentially a pressure die casting aluminium alloy, for which it has excellent casting characteristics and is generally a little simpler to die cast than the high Silicon containing aluminium alloys.

A pressure die casting in LM24 is suitable for most engineering applications and has an advantage over an alloy such as LM6 when maximum mechanical properties are required. In practice LM6 is preferred to LM24 only for die casting in which a high resistance to corrosion is the primary requirement. LM24 has poor weldability and brazeability.

For the vast majority of die casting, the alloys LM2 and LM24 are equally suitable. A casting in LM24 is not usually heat treated.

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