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Aluminium Casting Alloy LM31

This alloy conforms to BS 1490:1988 LM31. Castings are standardised in the as cast (M) condition and in the precipitation treated (TE) condition.

Chemical Composition

  %   %   %
 Copper  0.1 max  Magnesium  0.5-0.75  Silicon  0.25 max
 Iron  0.5 max  Manganese  0.1 max  Nickel  0.1 max
 Zinc  4.8-5.7  Lead  0.05 max  Tin  0.05 max
 Titanium  0.25  Chromium  0.4-0.6  Aluminium  Remainder
 Others total  0.05 max  Others total  0.15 max    


Mechanical Properties

Castings in the as cast (M) condition must be naturally aged for 3 weeks to determine the mechanical properties.


M Sand Cast

TE Sand Cast

0.2% Proof Stress (N/mm2)



Tensile Strength (N/mm2)



Elongation (%)



Impact resistance Charpy (Nm)



Brinell Hardness



Modulus of Elasticity (x103 N/mm2)



Shear Strength (N/mm2)



Strength at elevated temperatures

In comparison with the other Aluminium casting alloys, the strength of LM31 at elevated temperatures is good.

Physical Properties



Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (per °C @ 20-100°C)


Thermal conductivity (cal/cm2/cm/°C @ 25°C)


Electrical conductivity (% copper standard @ 20°C)


Density (g/cm3)


Freezing range (°C) approx.




LM31 has good machinability characteristics.

Corrosion Resistance

This alloy has very good corrosion resistance.


This alloy is suitable for clear or colour (decorative) anodising.

Heat Treatment

Good Strength and toughness can be produced by natural or artificial ageing after casting. Castings in the as cast (M) condition must be naturally aged for 3 weeks before testing to determine the mechanical properties.

The TE heat treatment condition provides artificial ageing. Using this alloy avoids the risks of distortion and cracking on quenching after solution heat treatment.

Applications and General Notes

LM31 has very good shock resistance and is suitable for shock resisting components. It is used for general engineering castings, particularly large sand casting.

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